Who is Tested?

Who is Tested?

With more than 14 million drug abusers in the United States, Soteria Screening Laboratories advocates awareness about the impact of substance abuse in industry, schools, families and community.

Small businesses are at more of a disadvantage when it comes to drug and alcohol in the workplace. They are less likely to have Drug-Free Workplace (DFW) policies implemented and are more likely to be the "employer of choice" for substance abusers. Individuals that cannot adhere to a DFW policy look for jobs at companies that don't have a policy in place. The cost of just one error caused by an impaired individual can cause devastating damage to a small business.

We encourage employers to implement programs that promote safety, health and wellbeing by helping businesses, schools, families, and communities with drug-free programs. With just one phone call you can gain access to our drug and alcohol testing centers throughout the United States. We offer affordable, same day service with exceptionally fast turnaround. Regardless of whether you need drug and alcohol testing services personally, or for your business, we offer a large variety of services to accommodate your needs.

People Subject to DOT Testing:


  • United States Coast Guard (USCG): Crewmembers operating a commercial vessel.
  • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Commercial Drivers' License (CDL) holders who operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle.
  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Flight crew, flight attendants, flight instructors, air traffic controllers, aircraft dispatchers, aircraft maintenance or preventative maintenance personnel, ground security coordinators, aviation screeners, and operational control specialists.
  • Federal Railroad Administration (FRA): Persons who perform duties subject to the Hours of Service laws such as: Locomotive engineers, trainmen conductors, switchmen, locomotive hostler/helpers, utility employees, signalmen operators, and train dispatchers.
  • Federal Transit Administration (FTA): Operators of revenue service vehicles, CDL-holding operators of non-revenue service vehicles, vehicle controllers, revenue service vehicle mechanics, firearm-carrying security personnel.
  • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA): Persons who perform operations, maintenance, or emergency response function on a pipeline or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) facility regulated under part 192, 193, or 195.
  • DOT & Non-DOT Random Pool
  • DOT & Non-DOT Post Accident
  • DOT & Non-DOT Pre-employment

Other Individuals Subject to Drug and Alcohol Testing:


  • Health Care Workers
  • Construction Workers
  • Ground Keepers
  • Maids
  • Janitors
  • Waiters/Waitresses
  • Food Prepares
  • Computer Scientists
  • Computer Programmers and Operators
  • Computer Data Processors
  • High-Tech Security Positions
  • Hospitality Industry
  • Retail Industry
  • Non-DOT Transportation Industry i.e. Travel and Touring companies
  • Divorce and Child Custody
  • Attorney Requested
  • Child Protective Agencies
  • Probation and Court-ordered Cases
  • Students
  • Volunteers
  • School Faculty
  • Faith Based Organizations
  • Civic Organizations
  • Sporting Organizations

Urine Testing

The most common method for drug and alcohol testing is urine testing. It detects recent substance use generally within the past 3 to 5 days. Urine drug testing is the only method accepted by federally-mandated companies. With its reliability in legal defense, cost-effectiveness, and capability to test for a wide variety of drugs, urine drug and alcohol testing is the preferred testing method for most businesses. Federally regulated companies are only allowed to use the DOT 5 panel Urine drug test. Non-DOT companies seeking pre-employment drug testing commonly use our non-DOT 5 panel or 10 panel urine drug tests.

The 5 panel drug test tests for:


  1. Marijuana (THC, cannabinoids, hash)
  2. Cocaine (coke, crack)
  3. Amphetamines (including meth, speed, crank, ecstasy)
  4. Opiates (heroin, opium, codeine, morphine)
  5. Phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust)

The 10 panel drug test includes the 5 panel drugs as well as:


  1. Barbiturates (phenobarbital, butalbital, secobarbital, downers)
  2. Benzodiazepines (tranquilizers such as Valium, Librium, Xanax)
  3. Methadone (often used to treat heroin addiction)
  4. Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  5. Propoxyphene (Darvon compounds)

Substance Chart:

Substance Drug Class Street Name(s) Prescription Brand Name(s) (Examples) Detection time in Urine Drug Test
Amphetamine Stimulant Speed Adderall, Dexedrine, Benzedrine 1-3 days
Barbiturates Depressant/ Sedative/ Hypnotic Downers, Barbs, Reds Amytal, Fiorinal, Nembutal, Donna 1-3 days, up to 10 days
Benzodiazepines Depressant/ Sedative/ Hypnotic Bennies Valium, Ativan, Xanax, Serax Up to 2 weeks
Cocaine Stimulant Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot N/A 1-4 days
Codeine Analgesic/ Opiate N/A N/A 2 days
Ethyl Alcohol Depressant/ Sedative/ Hypnotic Alcohol, Liquor, Beer, Wine, Booze N/A 1-12 hours
Heroin Analgesic/ Opiate Brown Sugar, China White, Dope, H, Horse, Junk, Skag, Skunk, Smack, White Horse, Tar, Chasing, The Tiger N/A 2 days
Marijuana (Cannabis) Hallucinogen Blunt, Bud, Pot, Dope, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, Trees, Boom, Weed, Hash, Hemp Marinol, Cesamet 2-7 days, up to 2+ months
Methadone Analgesic/Opiate Fizzies Dolophine 3 days
Methamphetamine Stimulant Crank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed Desosyn, Methedrine Up to 2 days
Methaqualone Depressant/ Sedative/ Hypnotic Ludes, Disco Bisquits, 714, Lemmons Quaalude Up to 2 weeks
MDMA (methylenedioxy-methamphetamine) Stimulant Ecstasy, XTC, ADAM, Lover's Speed N/A Up to 2 days
Morphine Analgesic/ Opiate N/A Duramorph, Roxanol 2 days
Phencyclidine Hallucinogen PCP, Angel Dust, Boat, Hog, Love Boat, Peace Pill N/A Up to 30 days
Propoxyphene Analgesic/ Opiate N/A Darvocet, Darvon 6 hours- 2 days

Breath Alcohol Testing

A breath alcohol test is an estimate of your blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The test measures the amount of alcohol in the air that you breathe out (exhale). There are different devices on the market today that measure breath alcohol.

The testing procedures for DOT breath alcohol testing are outlined in 49 CFR Part 40. They are very specific and must be followed whenever a DOT-required alcohol test is requested by the employer. These procedures include using a Federal Alcohol Testing Form (ATF) and applies only to DOT-required testing.

Hair Follicle Testing

Hair follicle drug and alcohol testing is becoming more popular among businesses because of its longer look back period. Hair follicle testing can detect substance abuse going back for approximately 90 days. When a substance is used, it is absorbed and metabolized into the bloodstream. Because hair growth is fed by blood flow, any used substances and their metabolites will be embedded in the hair. Our hair follicle drug and alcohol testing differentiates between the metabolites and the actual drug so that there can be no mistaking the possibility of external contamination as the reason for a positive result. Although there are endless advertisements for shampoos, conditioners, sprays, gels and other gimmicks promising to remove the evidence of substance abuse and "trick" the hair follicle test, those claims are false. Hair follicle collection is completed directly by an examiner, which precludes altering a specimen.

Oral Fluid Testing

Saliva/oral fluid-based drug tests can detect drug use during the previous few days. Donors are able to collect their own oral fluid sample on-site while being monitored. Thus, the direct supervision reduces the risk of tampering. Unlike urine or hair testing which takes time to pass through the system, oral testing detects drugs within minutes to hours of use.

THC may only be detectable for 2–24 hours in most cases. Detection in saliva tests begins almost immediately upon use of the following substances, and lasts for approximately the following times:

  • Alcohol: 6-12 h
  • Marijuana: 1-24 h

A disadvantage of saliva based drug testing is that it is not approved by FDA or SAMHSA for use with DOT/Federal Mandated Drug Testing. Oral fluid is not considered a bio-hazard unless there is visible blood in the saliva; however, it should be treated with caution.

Random Testing

Random testing is conducted on an unannounced, unpredictable basis on employees whose identifying information (e.g. employee number or social security number) has been placed in a testing pool from which a scientifically arbitrary selection is made. This process is usually computer generated to make certain that it is indeed random and that each person of the workforce population has an equal chance of being selected for testing, regardless of whether that person was recently tested or not. Because this type of testing has no advance notice, it serves as a disincentive for the employee and an incentive for the employer.

Soteria's software platform manages random drug and alcohol testing programs for both non-DOT and DOT employers alike.

Ordering a Drug Test

Collection Centers

Soteria Screening Laboratories provides our clients with access to over 10,000 facilities throughout the United States that can handle your immediate drug and alcohol testing needs.

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A collector knows all the steps necessary to complete a collection correctly and the proper completion and transmission of the Chain of Custody (CCF) as well as how to handle situations like "shy bladder" and attempts to tamper with a specimen.

The collector is responsible for:


  • Maintaining the integrity of the collection process.
  • Ensuring the privacy of the donor being tested.
  • Ensuring the security of the specimen.
  • Avoiding use of conduct statements that could be viewed as offensive or inappropriate.

What to expect at a collection facility:


  • The area must be private and secure.
  • The chain of custody form has to be completed by the collector and placed in the same bag with the specimen to be sent to the laboratory.
  • The collector is the one that ensures that the urine specimen is collected according to required procedures. A donor's direct supervisor may not serve as the collection site person unless it is impracticable for any other person to perform this function.
  • Collection of urine specimens must allow individual privacy unless there is reason to believe that a particular person may alter or substitute the specimen.

The following circumstances are the only grounds to believe a person may alter or substitute a specimen:


  • The urine specimen is outside the normal temperature range (32.5°C, 90.5°-99.8°F) The collection site person observes behavior that clearly indicates an attempt to alter or substitute a specimen.
  • If a donor has previously been determined to have used a controlled substance and the test is a follow-up test after return to service, then a "split sample" of urine is collected. In the split sample method, the urine specimen is divided into two containers. The purpose of the split sample is to allow the donor the opportunity to have the specimen tested at a different certified laboratory.
  • A donor must provide at least 45 ml (milliliters) of urine. Failure to provide an adequate amount of urine is considered a refusal to submit to a controlled substance test and the donor is considered to have engaged in actions prohibited by these rules. If the donor is unable to provide the minimum amount of urine, the collection site person is to have the donor drink up to 24 ounces of fluid and try to provide a sample within two hours. If the donor is still unable to provide a complete sample, the test is stopped and the donor is sent for a medical evaluation to determine if a legitimate reason for failure to provide a specimen is evident.

Medical Review Officers

Our Medical Review Officers, MROs, are the point-of-contacts amongst the employee, donor, lab or collector, and anyone else involved in a drug or alcohol test. MROs ensure compliance with Federal and State laws, and DOT regulations, effectively reducing any potential liabilities in your drug and alcohol testing program.

They are responsible for reviewing all specimens that are reported as invalid, rejected for testing, substituted, adulterated, or any tests that have received positive results. Once the results have been verified, they will be reported to the Federal agency or the employer.

The MRO verification in a drug screening process allows the employee/donor to give an acceptable explanation so that they are not labeled as a substance abuser if they are taking legally prescribed medication, which is considered a false positive.

If a collector reports that an individual was unable to provide a urine or hair sample, then our MROs will facilitate or perform a medical evaluation of the individual in question. If there is a potentially invalid result of a drug or alcohol test, then the laboratory will consult with our MROs to decide if further testing at another HHS-certified lab is necessary. They also ensure that all negative and negative dilute drug and/or alcohol test results are properly reviewed and reported to the Federal agency or employer. Soteria's Medical Review Officers are also responsible for evaluating the results of all employer or Federal agency blind sample specimens, and performing an initial investigation into any discrepant test results.

Our MRO team maintains records and confidentiality of drug and alcohol test information for you, saving you time, money, and a huge headache!

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